The law does not require this. What is compulsory is for each block of flats to have a Management/Administrative Committee. This will be responsible for the management of communal areas. The Management Committee could then hire a Management Company to undertake the difficult task.
The cost of reconstruction should include the demolition of the existing unit, new permits and architectural documents, plus VAT and new cost estimation after the period of 1-1½ years. Therefore, the extra 25% is the minimum extra cost and this should be re-calculated at least every two years.
The law states that the Management must cover the expenses of the building and then proceed with legal actions against the owner who does not contribute to the shared expenses. Otherwise, the building will not function appropriate until there is a final judgment by the court of law and the settlement of the outstanding amounts by the debtor themselves.
The best method is that the seller/developer runs the administration of the building until the issue of title deeds, with the condition in the sales document that the non-payment of common expenses (even in case of a complaint) is considered a violation and therefore the developer should have the right to amend any agreement. This is a good method to be applied to avoid future unconscious owners. However, if title deeds do exist, then things are very difficult since the only way for collecting is by lawsuit.
It is generally accepted that responsible is the one who has a problem in their unit regardless who caused the problem. This seems to be the only solution since it is much more complicated and difficult to find the “culpable” (i.e A owner threw inappropriate staff in the toilet and B owner’s drain is blocked. Unfortunately B owner will pay to unblock the drain.) Of course each owner should take immediate actions to repair any damages inside their apartments affecting other units. Such issues can also be included in the General Agreement of the building, if any.
You need to check the General Agreement. If animals are not allowed, then you are acting unfair because you have violated the General Agreement. However, if the General Agreement does not mention this, then you have the right to keep your dog (as provided by the law) and provided of course that it does not cause any noise/fear to the rest of the residents.
No, when you firstly bought the apartment you should have asked for any such possibility. Nevertheless, since the apartment is of certain age, we assume that you have bought it at a lower price.
Before the final purchase of an apartment, you should be assured that any debts have been settled prior the transfer of the property under your name. We suggest that you ask for a written confirmation of any debts settled up to the day of the transfer. Finally, you should be informed for any building’s regulations.